Modules with only data or configuration (no Python code) are detected on apps.odoo.com to provide it to online customers.
Anyone can create a data module and upload it to apps.odoo.com.
With Odoo 17, Odoo released 10 data modules: Lawyer, Bar and Lounge, Hairdresser, Certification, Software Reseller, etc.
Community data modules available in apps.odoo.com can be installed on any Odoo platform.
If a data module is detected as one, approved, and categorized as "Industry", it will be available in all databases in the apps menu.
A dedicated runbot for Industries has been set up to manage the versioning and testing of modules.