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By: Busthana Shirin

Most Useful GitHub Features for Odoo Developers

Technical Odoo 15 Odoo 16

GitHub is a top-rated programming resource for sharing code. GitHub is a social networking website for programmers. GitHub is an up-and-coming social platform for project management and collaboration by companies and organizations. GitHub provides a lot of features that can be very useful for all developers. GitHub provides desktop applications that can be used to integrate with GitHub.
GitHub features are beneficial for Odoo developers. We can see what are the

Different Features of GitHub and How We Can Make It Useful

GitHub Mobile:

GitHub mobile is an app available on android and ios. Which is very easy to use and works very quickly and from anywhere. It is safe and secure. We can accept the data through a secured, first-party client application. We can manage and clear notifications using Github mobile. We can read, review, collaborate and pull requests. We can search and interact with users, organizations, and repositories.  If someone mentions your name, you will get notifications. Secure our Github account using two-factor authentication. Verify our sign-in attempts from unrecognized devices.
We can simultaneously sign in to GitHub through mobile phones and the Github enterprise server. GitHub enterprise server support notifications without the help of third-party service, which may experience a delay. GitHub mobile work with enterprises requires VPN. We can sign into mobile on the Github enterprise server. Inside the profile, we can see the added enterprise account. Then we have to add the details. Then we can switch between 2 accounts. If we don’t want to access the data by an enterprise account from our personal account, then we can sign out from the enterprise server.
GitHub mobile supports different languages, which are English, Japanese, Brazilian Portuguese, Simplified Chinese, and Spanish. If we configure the language, then it will be the default language, and we change the language from the settings. When we click on the link in Github, which will automatically open in Github mobile instead of safari. We can disable the universal link and the redirection will be a safari. Again re-enable is also possible.

Actions:

GitHub actions are continuous integration and continuous delivery(CI/CD), which allows us to automate build, test, and deployment. We can build and test the workflows. We can create pull requests to the repository and merge pull requests to production. GitHub actions are orchestrated workflow, based on any event, which manages the execution, which provides feedback, and secures each and every step in the workflow. Actions support more languages and frameworks than before, which include java, PHP, Node.js, Python, Ruby, C/C++, NET, iOS, and Android. We can test web service and its database work together by using docker-compose in our file workflow.
Matrix builds help us project multiple versions that can test parallel. For that, we have to add a few lines to the action YAML file, Github will take care of the rest.
jobs:
test:
name: Test on node ${{ matrix.node_version }} and ${{ matrix.os }}
runs-on: ${{ matrix.os }}
strategy:
matrix:
node_version: [8, 10, 12]
os: [ubuntu-latest, windows-latest, macos-latest]
steps:
- uses: actions/checkout@v1
- name: Use Node.js ${{ matrix.node_version }}
uses: actions/setup-node@v1
with:
version: ${{ matrix.node_version }}
- name: npm install, build and test
run: |
npm install
npm run build --if-present
npm test
Live logs provide real-time feedback, and GitHub streams log the actions, which shows the status in real-time. These logs are easy to read, and it includes emojis also. We can make a deep link in a log file, and a simple permalink can make it easy to discuss a failure of a build with a friend. We can write and reuse the actions and workflows. GitHub actions also code, so we can edit, share, reuse and fork the code we are using. We can be forking the actions to suit our own requirements. Action always uses a new syntax, and the workflows are based on YAML. We can reuse the actions for repository reference.

Code space:

We can create a codespace from a template repository, and we can explore some of the essential features available in the codespace. For creating a code space, first, we have to navigate a template repository and select use this template. We can choose an owner for the repository and we have to add the name, then we can select the privacy setting then click on the Create repository from the template. It redirects to the main page of the new repository.  Under the repository name, we can see the <> code dropdown menu, and the codespace tab, click create codespace on main.
Once our codespace is created, then the repository will automatically clone to it, we can run the application and launch it in the browser. When the terminal is available, then we can enter the command npm run dev, this example uses node.js project, this command runs in the package.json file. The web application will be defined in the sample repository. If we are following different applications, we can enter the corresponding start command for the project. When we start the application the codespace recognizes the port the application is running and displays for informing it forwarded. We can click the open browser and can see the running application in the new tab. We can edit the application, and we can see the changes. We can commit and push our changes.

Copilot:

Modern developers always try to find an easy way to write codes, which must improve productivity, accuracy, and efficiency. It is a time-consuming process. Github provides a perfect solution for this problem called copilot. GitHub added automatic code generation tools, which is one of the newest tools and branded as an AI pair programmer. This is not just an autocomplete solution, which is based on the clues from the code we are writing. It suggests lines sometimes even the entire functions can also suggest. It’s the fastest way for developers to create tests, explore APIs, etc. If we start working with the copilot feature, the tool can automatically adapt the way we write codes.
Copilot powered by the openAIcodex, wish is an auto-generated suggestion from the file, like the name of functions, comments of codes, names of files, the position of the cursor, etc. Based on the available information, copilot provides code snippets, which can accept by pressing a tab key. AI tool understands languages are TypeScript, Ruby, Dozen and Python, and other common languages also. These suggestions are coming from the open source code within the repositories of GitHub. They always try to find the best possible solution.
GitHub copilot is an artificial intelligence tool. It is free for verified students and source maintainers. If we are not in these two categories, then we can use it for 60 days of trial. After the trial, we have to use a subscription. We have an option to select GitHub pilot in settings. We enable the enable Github pilot button. Then we can select the continue to get access to the copilot and then submit.

Packages:

GitHub package is a platform for hosting and managing packages. It includes containers and dependencies. It combines our source codes and other packages which are in one place to provide integrated permission management and billing. So we centralize our software development. We can integrate these packages with the APIs, actions, and webhooks, and we can create an end-to-end development workflow, including our code, CI, and deployment solutions. This package offers different package registries also. Commonly used packages are npm, Ruby Gems, Apache Maven, Gradle, docker, and NuGet. 
Package permissions is a packages inherited from the repository for packages hosted or packages in the container registry. We can publish packages in public packages or in private packages. Public package usage is free, In the case of private packages, we have a certain amount of free storage and data transfer. Which depends on the product we use. Usage includes amounts controlled by spending limits. We need an access token for publishing, installing, and deleting packages.

Security:

Github security helps us to keep our code secret and secure in repositories in all organizations. Some features are available for all repositories, but additional features are available only in enterprise editions. Advanced security is enabled for all repositories. Security policy is available for all repositories, which makes it easy to confidentially report security vulnerabilities. Privately we can discuss and fix the security vulnerabilities, then we can publish a security advisory. Dependent alert for update dependabot when pull requests are generated. If we use dependabot, which automatically raises pull requests that keep dependencies up-to-date.Dependency graph us to explore the ecosystems.
GitHub provides advanced security features which are free of charge. Organizations can use the GitHub enterprise cloud license for Github advanced security. Code scanning detects securities and coding errors. Potential problems are highlighted. We can fix the code before merging. Which automatically detects the leaked secrets that show full changes to dependencies, and we can see the details.

Code review:

We can decrease noise by limiting notifications when a team is requested to review a pull request. To reduce noise, we have to clarify individual responsibilities of pull request reviews. We can configure code review settings using team notifications and auto-assignment. In the case of team notifications, we can disable the team notifications and choose only requested team members. In the case of auto-assignment, if the team requested a pull request, it can be assigned to a team or a subset of the team is also possible.
Routing algorithms automatically choose and assign reviews based on two possible algorithms...


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