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By: Midhun Sankar

An Overview Session Storage in JavaScript

Functional Odoo 16 POS

In web development, session storage plays a crucial role in managing and storing data temporarily on the client side. It allows developers to maintain state and store information that is accessible throughout a user's session on a website.

In this blog post, we will explore session storage in JavaScript, its usage, and some best practices.

What is Session Storage?

Session storage is a part of the Web Storage API, which provides a mechanism for storing data on the client's browser. Unlike local storage, session storage is designed to store data temporarily for a particular session. A session refers to the time a user spends on a website until they close their browser or tab.

.Session storage works by utilizing the Window.sessionStorage object, which provides methods to set, retrieve, and remove data. The data stored in session storage is specific to the current origin, meaning it is limited to a particular website or web application. When a user opens a new tab or window, a new session storage object is created. This enables data isolation between different browsing contexts.

Working with Session Storage:

1)  Storing Data:

To store data in session storage, you can use the sessionStorage object, which is available in JavaScript's global scope. You can set key-value pairs by using the ‘setItem()’ method, like this:

sessionStorage.setItem('key', 'value');

The values stored in session storage are always in the form of strings.

2)  Retrieving Data:

To retrieve data from session storage, you can use the ‘getItem()’ method by passing the key of the stored item:

var value = sessionStorage.getItem('key');

The ‘getItem()’ method returns the value associated with the given key.

3)  Removing Data:

You can remove a specific item from session storage using the ‘removeItem()’ method:


This will delete the key-value pair associated with the specified key.

4) Clearing Data:

To remove all items stored in session storage, you can use the ‘clear()’ method:


This clears all the data stored in session storage for the current origin.

Limitations and Best Practices:

1) Storage Capacity:

Session storage has a limited storage capacity, typically around 5-10MB depending on the browser. It's essential to be mindful of this limit and avoid storing large amounts of data.

2) Data Type Limitation:

As mentioned earlier, session storage stores data in strings. If you need to store complex data types like objects or arrays, you will need to serialize them into strings using methods such as ‘JSON.stringify()’ before storing and ‘JSON.parse()’ when retrieving.

3) Security Considerations:

Keep in mind that session storage is accessible by JavaScript on the same domain. To prevent potential security vulnerabilities, avoid storing sensitive information such as passwords or tokens in session storage.

Session storage in JavaScript provides a convenient way to store data temporarily during a user's session on a website. It offers a simple API for storing, retrieving, and removing data. By understanding its limitations and following best practices, developers can leverage session storage effectively to enhance user experiences and manage the state within their web applications.

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