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By: Avinash

Magento Installation on Ubuntu14.04


Magento is an open source e-Commerce Merchant software that you can use to build an online show case of your own, it was founded by eBay, and it is available as Enterprise and Community Edition.


Magento will require a Linux Distro with minimum 4 GB RAM, 500 GB Hard Drive, 1 Eth0 and Internet Connection.
Database: Mysql 5.6
Web Server: Apache/Nginx
PHP: 5.6 or above

Install apache

apt-get install apache2

To start Apache web server, run the commands below

sudo service apache2 start

Next, open Apache default site configuration file in Ubuntu, then add the directory block below if the block isn’t in there already.
If it’s there, then make sure it matches the block below highlighted in red:

sudo vi /etc/apache2/sites-available/000-default.conf

<Directory /var/www/>
Options Indexes FollowSymLinks MultiViews
AllowOverride All
Order allow,deny
allow from all

Install mysql-server with mysql-client

sudo apt-get install mysql-server
sudo apt-get install mysql-client

While installing MySQL database, you’ll be prompted to create a root password for the database. Create it and remember it.
To start the database server, run the commands below

sudo service mysql start

After installing the database server, you should go and create a database and its user for Magento. To do that, run the commands below to logon to the database server.

mysql -u root -p

Then run the SQL statement below to create a database called magento


Next, create the database user called magentouser with password;

CREATE USER magentouser@localhost IDENTIFIED BY 'user_password';

Finally, grant all privileges to magentouser for magento database.

GRANT ALL ON magento.* TO magentouser@localhost;

Install PHP7 and other modules by running the commands below

sudo apt-get install php7.0 libapache2-mod-php7.0 php7.0-mcrypt php7.0-gd php7.0-mysql php7.0-tidy php7.0-xmlrpc php7.0-curl php7.0-common php7.0-cli php7.0-ldap php7.0-xml

After installing PHP7, go and increase its memory limit from 128MB to 512MB.
To do that, run the commands below to open the configuration file.

sudo vi /etc/php/7/apache2/php.ini

Change the line below:

memory_limit = 128M

Change to:

memory_limit = 512M

and add :


Save the file.

Downloading Magento files.
From: http://www.magentocommerce.com/downloads/assets

then extract the file and copy all the contents to  :  /var/www/html/

sudo cp -rf magento/* /var/www/html/  (example)

Then change the ownership of the folder to Apache.

sudo chown -R www-data:www-data /var/www/html/

Change the permission of the files by running the commands below.

sudo chmod -R 755 /var/www/html/

Restart Apache and try connecting to the server.

sudo service apache2 restart

If everything was correctly followed, you should get the default Magento setup page as shown below.




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