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By: Muhammed Rishad

What are the Different HTTP Status Codes in Odoo 16

Technical Odoo 16

In the world of web development, HTTP status codes play a crucial role in communication between web servers and clients. Understanding these codes is essential for Odoo developers and administrators to diagnose and troubleshoot issues effectively. In this blog post, we will delve into the realm of HTTP status codes, their significance, and how they are utilized within the Odoo framework. By the end, you will have a solid grasp of these status codes and be equipped with the knowledge to navigate the intricacies of Odoo's web ecosystem.

Overview of HTTP Status Codes:

HTTP status codes are three-digit numbers that offer information about how a server responded to a client's request. These codes are divided into five groups, each signifying a different type of reaction. Understanding the class and specific code received helps in determining the nature of the response and any necessary action.
The Classes of HTTP Status Codes are as follows:
- 1xx: Informational
- 2xx: Success
- 3xx: Redirection
- 4xx: Client Errors
- 5xx: Server Errors
Let's now explore how these status codes are utilized within the context of Odoo and what they signify in various scenarios.

Odoo's HTTP Status Codes:

Odoo, an open-source business management platform, extensively utilizes HTTP status codes to handle client requests and provide meaningful responses. Here are some of the commonly encountered HTTP status codes in Odoo and their implications:

1. 100 Continue:

This status code denotes that the server has received and comprehended the first portion of the client's request. It informs the client to proceed with sending the rest of the request, typically used in scenarios involving large or lengthy requests.

2. 101 Switching Protocols:

When a server receives a client request that includes an upgrade header indicating a change in the protocol, it responds with a 101 status code. This code signifies that the server is switching to the new protocol specified in the request.

3. 103 Early Hints:

Introduced in HTTP/2, the 103 status code is used to send some preliminary headers to the client before the final response is available. It allows the server to provide hints or push resources that the client may need, improving performance.

4. 200 OK:

This is the most common and widely used HTTP status code.  It shows that the server has successfully received, comprehended, and handled the client's request. In Odoo, a 200 status code is often returned when retrieving resources or performing successful CRUD (Create, Read, Update, Delete) operations.

5. 201 Created:

When a new resource is successfully created in response to a client request, Odoo responds with a 201 status code. It is commonly used after submitting a form or making a POST request to indicate that the resource has been successfully added.

6. 202 Accepted:

The 202 status code signifies that the client's request has been acknowledged by the server, but it is still being processed. When doing time-consuming activities or background procedures, it is common practice in Odoo to inform the client that the request has been received and is being handled.

7. 204 No Content:

When a client's request is correctly handled, the server occasionally does not have any material to include in the response body. In these circumstances, Odoo may reply with a 204 status code, signifying that the request was successful but that no further data is needed to be sent back.

8. 301 Moved Permanently:

This code is used when a resource (such as a page or document) has been transferred permanently to a new location. In Odoo, it might be encountered when a website page is relocated to a different URL.

9. 302 Found:

This status code is used for temporary redirection. To refer the client to the new location when a resource has been temporarily relocated, Odoo may respond with a 302 status code.

10. 304 Not Modified:

A conditional GET or HEAD request will return the status code 304. It means that since the client's last attempt to access or cache the requested resource, it has not been updated. When a client requests a page or resource in Odoo, the server may send a 304 response if the client's cached version of the resource is still valid. This helps in avoiding unnecessary data transfers between the client and the server, resulting in faster page loading times and reduced server load.

11. 400 Bad Request:

The 400 status code signifies that the client's request cannot be fulfilled by the server because of improper syntax or incorrect input parameters. It is often used to indicate errors in user input or incorrect API usage.

12. 401 Unauthorized:

When a user attempts to access a resource that requires authentication or lacks proper authentication credentials, Odoo responds with a 401 status code. It prompts the user to provide valid credentials for access.

13. 403 Forbidden:

When a user tries to access a resource without appropriate permissions, Odoo responds with a 403 status code. It means that although the server received the request and understood it, the user is not permitted to carry out the desired action.

14. 404 Not Found:

One of the most common HTTP status codes to be encountered is 404. It indicates that the requested resource could not be found on the server. A server determines whether a resource is available when a client submits a request to it. If the server cannot locate the resource based on the URL provided in the request, it responds with a 404 status code. It denotes in Odoo that the server was unable to locate the requested resource.

15. 405 Method Not Allowed:

This status code indicates that the HTTP method used in the request is not supported by the server. A 405 error code will be issued, for instance, if a client attempts a POST request to an Odoo resource that only accepts GET requests.

16. 500 Internal Server Error:

When an unexpected error occurs on the server side while processing a request, Odoo returns a 500 status code. It suggests that either the program itself or the server setup may be problematic.

17. 501 Not Implemented:

The 501 status code signifies that the server is unable to fulfill the client's request due to a lack of available resources. It signifies that the server is aware of the requested method, but it has not been implemented or is not available on the server.

18. 503 Service Unavailable:

When a server is temporarily unable to handle requests, such as during maintenance or high traffic, Odoo may respond with a 503 status code. It indicates that the server is currently unavailable, but the request may be retried later.

Handling HTTP Status Codes in Odoo:

In Odoo, developers can handle HTTP status codes and customize responses using the `werkzeug.exceptions` module. This module provides various predefined exceptions that can be raised based on specific conditions. By raising an appropriate exception with the desired status code, developers can control the response sent back to the client.


HTTP status codes are an integral part of the Odoo web ecosystem, allowing for effective communication between the server and clients. It is crucial for developers and administrators using Odoo to become familiar with these codes and comprehend the effects they have. By comprehending the significance of different status codes, you can troubleshoot issues more efficiently and provide meaningful feedback to users. So, whether you are building custom modules, designing websites, or managing an Odoo instance, grasping the nuances of HTTP status codes will greatly enhance your Odoo development journey.
To read more about controller request & response in Odoo 16, refer to our blog Key Elements of Controller Request & Response in Odoo 16

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