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By: Sonu S

What Are The Tools Used For Coding Standards in Odoo

Technical Odoo 15 Odoo 16

Odoo is a powerful open-source enterprise resource planning (ERP) software that provides companies with a range of applications to manage different business processes, including accounting, human resources, inventory, project management, etc.. It is written in the Python programming language and uses PostgreSQL as its database management system. Odoo is a large and complex ERP system built on the Python programming language. To ensure code quality and consistency, Odoo developers use various tools and techniques to enforce coding standards in Odoo. Some popular tools for coding standards in Odoo. The tools used for coding standards in Odoo are below.

Tools used for coding standards in Odoo :

1. PyLint:

PyLint is a popular static code analysis tool for checking coding standards and identifying potential bugs or bugs in Python code. Odoo is built on Python and also supports PyLint for code analysis.

Here are the steps to install and use PyLint in Odoo:

*  pip install pylint

Once installed, you can run PyLint by navigating to the Odoo module directory and running the following command:
pylint --load-plugins=pylint_odoo -d all -e odoolint your_module/
This command loads the pylint_odoo plugin and formats all message classes and odoolint error reports. Replace your_module/ with the actual path to your Odoo module.
Your code has been rated at 10.00/10
The above output indicates that your code has passed PyLint analysis with a score of 10 out of 10.

2. OdooLint:

OdooLint is a coding standards and guidelines checker tool for Odoo add-ons. It helps to identify common errors, bad practices, and non-standard code in Odoo modules. The tool is based on PyLint and extends it with Odoo-specific checks.
Here are the steps to install and use OdooLint:
Install OdooLint using pip. Open a command prompt and type the following command:

*  pip install odoolint

Once OdooLint is installed, navigate to the root directory of your Odoo project where the addons folder is located.
Run the OdooLint command by passing the path of the addons directory:
odoolint addons/
OdooLint will analyze your code and display the result in the console.

3. Prospector:

Prospector is a Python code analyzer that can flag errors, potential issues, contract violations, and complexities. It combines the functionality of several Python analysis tools, such as Pylint, Pycodestyle, and McCabe Complexity.
The installation process of Prospector is as follows:

* pip install prospector

Prospector can run directly from the project root without any arguments. It will attempt to find out everything else and propose reasonable defaults:
The prospector can be run directly from the project root without any arguments by calling:  
Prospector
You can also check using a specific path: 
prospector path/to/my/module
Warnings from other analysis tools can be tricky. Line length, white space on blank lines, and the number of white spaces between methods in a class are alerts, among other factors. A list of current issues with the code can be found here. As a result, Prospector includes a number of preferences and behaviors to turn off the most annoying alerts and display only the important ones.
For detailed information about prospectors, you can refer to this blog:

4. Black:

Black is a code formatting tool for Python that automatically formats your code to comply with the PEP8 style guide. Here are the steps to install Black on your system: 
Open a command prompt or terminal window and type the following command:

* pip install black

This will install the black package on your system. You can verify the installation by running the following command:
black --version
This should display the version number of Black installed on your system.
Now that you have installed Black, you can use it to format your Python code automatically. Simply run the following command to format a Python file:
black <filename>
You can also use Black with various code editors and IDEs, including Visual Studio Code, PyCharm, and Sublime Text. Simply install the appropriate Black extension or plugin for your editor and configure it to use the Black formatter.
By using these tools, you can ensure that your code is compliant with coding standards, readable, maintainable, and easy to understand.


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