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By: Alan Joy

An Overview of React Custom Hooks


In React development, custom hooks have become invaluable for simplifying state management and enhancing reusability. They provide a clean and efficient way to extract repeated code into reusable units, promoting code reusability and maintainability. In this blog post, we'll dive deep into the concept of custom hooks, explore how they work, and demonstrate examples of creating and using custom hooks in React applications.

Understanding Custom Hooks

Custom hooks are JavaScript functions that follow a naming convention starting with the word "use" (e.g., useCustomHook). These hooks allow you to extract component logic into reusable functions, enabling you to share stateful logic between components without using class components or render props.

How Custom Hooks Work

Custom hooks leverage the existing React hook API (e.g., useState, useEffect) to encapsulate logic. They can use other hooks inside them or call other custom hooks, enabling composition and flexibility. When you create a custom hook, you're essentially creating a reusable piece of stateful or side-effect logic that can be plugged into any component.

Creating Custom Hooks

Let's start by creating a simple custom hook to manage the form input state:

import { useState } from 'react';
function useFormInput(initialValue) {
  const [value, setValue] = useState(initialValue);
  function handleChange(e) {
  return {
    onChange: handleChange,

In this example, useFormInput is a custom hook that manages the state of a form input field. It initializes the state with the provided initial value and returns an object containing the current value and a change handler function.

Using Custom Hooks

Now, let's see how we can use our custom hook in a component:

import React from 'react';
import useFormInput from './useFormInput';
function MyComponent() {
  const username = useFormInput('');
  const password = useFormInput('');
  function handleSubmit(e) {
    // Do something with username.value and password.value
  return (
    <form onSubmit={handleSubmit}>
      <input type="text" {...username} placeholder="Username" />
      <input type="password" {...password} placeholder="Password" />
      <button type="submit">Submit</button>
export default MyComponent;

In this example, we import and use the useFormInput custom hook to manage the state of the username and password input fields in our MyComponent. By spreading the returned object (...username and ...password), we're able to easily bind the input fields to the state managed by the custom hook.

Benefits of Custom Hooks

* Code Reusability: Custom hooks allow you to extract and reuse logic across multiple components, reducing code duplication.

* Simplified Component Logic: By moving complex logic out of components, custom hooks help keep your components focused and easier to understand.

* Improved Testing: Custom hooks can be tested independently, promoting better test coverage and maintainability.


Custom hooks are a powerful feature in React that enable code reusability and cleaner component logic. By encapsulating stateful or side-effect logic into reusable functions, you can build more maintainable and scalable React applications. Whether you're managing form states, handling asynchronous operations, or implementing complex behaviors, custom hooks provide a flexible and elegant solution.

To read more about What are Popular Hooks & How to Use Them, refer to our blog What are Popular Hooks & How to Use Them.

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