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By: Mohd Midhlaj

How to Install Plone 6 on Ubuntu 22.04 LTS With Volto Frontend


Step 1: First of all login to the server using the ssh command. Eg: ssh username@<IP address>. 

eg: ssh root@

Step 2: Ensure that system is updated:

sudo apt-get update
sudo apt-get upgrade

Step3: The next step is to install some libraries and package dependencies to run Plone      smoothly

sudo apt-get install build-essential python-dev-is-python3 libjpeg-dev libxslt-dev python3.8-dev

You can change the version number according to your needs if you are installing 6.0.0 keep the same as above

Step 4:Secure your system

install Fail2ban which is used to protect from SSH attacks

sudo apt-get install openssh-server fail2ban

Step 5: Create a directory to setup the Plone instance 

mkdir Plone6-0-0rc1

Step 6: Change the directory to Plone6-0-0rc1

cd Plone6-0-0rc1

Step 7: Create a buildout.cfg file by the command

touch buildout.cfg

Step 8: Open the the file using nano text editor

nano buildout.cfg

Step 9: add the lines below to the buildout.cfg

In line  extends = https://dist.plone.org/release/6.0.0/versions.cfg set the correct version according to your needs. If you are installing 6.0.0 keep it the same.

extends = https://dist.plone.org/release/6.0.0/versions.cfg
parts = instance
recipe = plone.recipe.zope2instance
eggs =
user = admin:admin

Save and exit the file -> (Ctrl+S and Ctrl+X)

Step 10: Install python3 virtual environment and create a venv using 

sudo apt-get install python3-venv
python3.9 -m venv.

Step 11: Install the requirements specified by Plone in a python virtual environment by the command below

bin/pip install -r https://dist.plone.org/release/6.0.0/requirements.txt

By using the python virtual environment it helps to install the python packages locally by setting an isolated directory in the concerned project without affecting the global packages in the machine, which helps to resolve the dependencies and version conflicts and smooth functioning of the application.

Step 12:  Use buildout to compose the Plone instance by


Buildout assembles all the eggs (python package), with the correct version requirements to solve all dependencies. This doesn't affect the system python packages at all.

Step 13: After the buildout process run the instance using the command

./bin/instance start

The instance will start to serve on http://localhost:8080/


You need to create a Plone site by either clicking the “Create a New Plone Site” or  “Advanced.”

For setting up the site compatible with the Volto Frontend, we need to create the site by going to the advanced section. In the future there the configuration will be simpler by having options to create a “Plone 6 Volto Frontend ” and “Plone 6 Classic”.

“Plone 6 Classic“ refers to the Plone site with the classic Plone Frontend (Without Volto).


By using the “Advanced” option, we can configure the add-ons which are to be pre-installed in the Plone Site, which configures the site as per the user's needs.

Here ensure that “ Plone 6 Frontend (plone.volto)” and “Plone 6 Frontend (Default content on the homepage)” are checked for the Plone backend to work with Volto and create the site.


Here The Plone 6 Backend is successfully created.

The next step is to Configure the Volto Frontend.

Installing Volto

Step 1. Run the nvm installer

In your terminal, run the nvm installer like this:

curl -o- https://raw.githubusercontent.com/nvm-sh/nvm/v0.39.1/install.sh | bash

# or

wget -qO- https://raw.githubusercontent.com/nvm-sh/nvm/v0.39.1/install.sh | bash

Step 2: Update your Profile Configuration

If it doesn't automatically add nvm configuration, you can add it yourself to your profile file:

export NVM_DIR="$([ -z "${XDG_CONFIG_HOME-}" ] && printf %s "${HOME}/.nvm" || printf %s "${XDG_CONFIG_HOME}/nvm")" [ -s "$NVM_DIR/nvm.sh" ] && \. "$NVM_DIR/nvm.sh"

Step 3: Reload the shell configuration

With your profile configuration updated, now you will reload the configuration for your terminal to use: 

source ~/.bashrc

Step 4: With the above command executed, nvm is ready for you to use. You can confirm that nvm is installed correctly by running:

nvm -v

Step 5: Install any active LTS version of NodeJS (https://github.com/nodejs/release#release-schedule):

nvm install 16

nvm use 16

Step 6: Test NodeJS

node -v

Step 7: Install Yeoman, a scaffolding tool.

npm install -g yo

Step 8:Install Yarn Classic 

Open the terminal and type the following:

curl -sS https://dl.yarnpkg.com/debian/pubkey.gpg | sudo apt-key add - echo "deb
https://dl.yarnpkg.com/debian/ stable main" | sudo tee /etc/apt/sources.list.d/yarn.list
sudo apt update && sudo apt install yarn

Test it : 

yarn -v

Step 9 :Install Volto

Open terminal and execute:

npm install -g yo @plone/generator-volto

# install latest stable release

yo @plone/volto

Step 10: Change directory to the newly created folder myvolto (or the one you've chosen):

cd myvolto
Then Start Volto with : yarn start

This command will launch Volto in development mode and create an in-memory bundle. Launch a browser and visit http://localhost:3000

To run Volto in Production mode

 Run this command in a terminal from “myvolto” folder to build volto.

sudo yarn build && PORT=3000 yarn start:prod

Your site is not in http://localhost:8080/Plone

And for example “http://localhost:6666/Newsite”

sudo PORT=3000 RAZZLE_API_PATH=http://localhost:6666/Newsite yarn build
sudo yarn start:prod

To run in the background

Step 1: Create a start_plone.sh 

nano 	start_plone.sh
cd /home/ubuntu/Plone6rc1/frontend
yarn start:prod

Step 2: Make the file executable

sudo chmod +x /home/ubuntu/start_plone.sh

Step 3: Create a service to run Plone

sudo nano /etc/systemd/system/plone6.service
   # Ubuntu/Debian convention:

Step 4: Run Plone6 Volto 

sudo systemctl start plone6.service

Step 5: Check the status of the service by using the following command

sudo systemctl status plone6.service

Step 6: You can access to Plone 6 volto frontend by  the following URL.



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